Why is diamond the strongest?
The minerals that create a diamond along with their shape make them the strongest gemstone. Diamonds are made from carbon that has been under extreme pressure and heat found in depths of 87 to 120 miles of the Earth’s mantle, where they are created in during a 1-3.3 billion-year time frame.
Why is diamond the hardest element?
Diamond is composed of pure carbon and the atomic bonding of the atoms makes it the hardest material. Extremely strong bonding makes diamond hardest among all other substances, but there is one direction where the bonds are not as strong and a diamond can be cleaved along this direction with impact.
What gives a diamond its strength?
It is the molecular structure of diamonds that makes them so hard. Diamonds are made of carbon atoms linked together in a lattice structure. Each carbon atom shares electrons with four other carbon atoms, forming a tetrahedral unit. This tetrahedral bonding of five carbon atoms forms an incredibly strong molecule.
Is diamond the hardest rock?
Diamond is the hardest naturally occurring mineral, topping Mohs’ Scale of Hardness with a relative hardness value of 10. Diamond is a polymorph of the element carbon, and graphite is another. … However, at surface temperatures and pressures graphite is the stable form of carbon.