Best answer: Why are diamonds clear but coal black?

Why is carbon black but diamond Clear?

That means the electrons in carbon’s outer shell are on the market. They can attract electrons from other atoms, swap and share, binding the atoms together and forming new molecules. … It’s the difference in bonding that makes diamonds clear and other forms of pure carbon black.

How do diamonds become clear?

Clear diamonds are clear because the carbon atoms in them have no free electrons. That is to say, since a carbon atom has four electrons available for forming bonds, all four of its electrons get used up in the rigid, lattice-like structure that is diamond, where each carbon atom bonds with four neighboring ones.

Why is diamond a mineral But coal is not?

They have different chemical structure. In diamond, each carbon atom is covalently bonded to another carbon atom in a tetrahedral arrangement, making a uniform, tight lattice in space. Coal actually isn’t a mineral (and isn’t pure carbon), but graphite is.

Why is graphite dark GREY while diamond is clear even though they are both made from the same atom?

The planar structure of graphite allows electrons to move easily within the planes. This permits graphite to conduct electricity and heat as well as absorb light and, unlike diamond, appear black in color. Answer originally posted May 20, 2002.

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Are clear diamonds better?

While clarity is less important than a diamond’s cut or color, if you are buying a diamond over one carat or considering certain fancy-shaped diamonds (like an emerald or Asscher cut where flaws are more visible), you may want to spend more for a higher clarity grade.

Can Gold Break diamond ore?

The diamond ore block itself (rather than its diamond drops) can be obtained by mining it with an iron, diamond or netherite pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment. When mined without Silk Touch, diamond ore drops a single diamond.

Breaking.

Block Diamond Ore Deepslate Diamond Ore
Golden 1.25 1.9